Assessment of Breeding Practices on dairy Cows in West Gojjam Zone

Samuel Shiferaw Biresaw

Abstract


The study was conducted in Bahir Dar Zuria, Mecha and Yelmana Densa districts from September 2013 to October 2014, with the objective of assessing breeding practices in dairy cattle in West Gojjam zone. Interviews using pre-tested structured questionnaires administered to 180 households and 9 focus group discussions were used to generate the data on dairy cattle breeding practices in the study area. Data analysis was done using SAS (9.1) and SPSS version 20. One way ANOVA was used for milk production, ranking method and descriptive statistics (means, standard errors and percentages). The most common mating system in all sites was natural control mating. The primary breeding objective of the community was to obtain better milk yield. Milk (Index= 0.169) was the first production preference of the respondent farmers in the study area. About 53.54 % of dairy farmers in the study area preferred AI with synchronization followed by controlled natural mating (30%).Community based breeding program by incorporating indigenous knowledge of farmers is the best option in improving breeding practice of dairy cattle in West Gojjam Zone.


Keywords


dairy cattle, breeding practice, breeding objective, West Gojjam

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